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Four types of Quotient and their significance

Four Types of Quotient and their significance:
According to Psychologists, there are four types of Intelligence:

(1) Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
(2) Emotional Quotient (EQ)
(3) Social Quotient (SQ)
(4) Adversity Quotient (AQ)

(1) Intelligence Quotient (IQ): This is the measure of your level of comprehension. IQ, or intelligence quotient is a number representing a person's reasoning ability. It's determined by dividing a person's score on a special test by his or her age, then multiplying by 100.You need IQ to solve maths, memorize things, and recall lessons. The average score on an IQ test is 100. Most people fall within the 85 to 114 range. Any score over 140 is considered a high IQ. A score over 160 is considered a genius IQ. An average IQ of Indian is 62.
The neuroscience is clear: aerobic exercise is extremely good for your brain. In fact, working out raises your IQ far more than playing an online brain game. Plus, a Swedish study proved that cardiovascular fitness can actually raise your verbal intelligence by 50%.

IQ does not generally increase with age. IQ tests are age adjusted, basically to take account of youth and inexperience (under 18) or age and diminishing speed. The reason is that, as we get older, diminishing speed and spatial awareness are balanced by having more knowledge and experience to draw on to solve problems.

One can increase IQ level by following ways:
Read on to learn what science has to say about the different ways you may be able to boost both your crystallized and fluid intelligence.
Exercise regularly.
Get enough sleep.
Drink coffee.
Drink green tea.
Eat nutrient-rich foods.
Play an instrument.
Continue to socialize.

(2) Emotional Quotient (EQ):Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify and regulate one's emotions and understand the emotions of the others.This is the measure of your ability to maintain peace with others, keep to time, be responsible, be honest, respect boundaries, be humble, genuine and considerate.
The meaning of emotional quotient:Emotional intelligence (otherwise known as emotional quotient or EQ) is the ability to understand, use, and manage your own emotions in positive ways to relieve stress, communicate effectively, empathize with others, overcome challenges and defuse conflict.
Examples of low IQ:An example of low emotional quotient is believing that others are overly sensitive because the person with low EQ cannot understand how others feel.Stonewalling, or refusing to see other's points of view, is another example. Difficulty maintaining friendships and other relationships with others is another sign.

A high EQ helps you to build relationships, reduce team stress, defuse conflict and improve job satisfaction.
According to Daniel Goleman , an American psychologist who helped to popularize emotional intelligence, there are five key elements to it:
(v) Social skills.
The three key components of emotional intelligence:
There are three areas of personal skills or competences in emotional intelligence.
(I)) Self-awareness. Self-awareness encompasses emotional awareness.
(ii) Self-regulation or Self-management. Self-regulation
(iii) Motivation:The final personal skills aspect of emotional intelligence is motivation.

(3) Social Quotient (SQ): This is the measure of your ability to build a network of friends and maintain it over a long period of time.Social scientist Rose Honeywell defined that social intelligence is the capacity to know oneself and to know others. Social intelligence develops from experience with people and learning from success and failures in social settings. It is more commonly referred as social intelligence is an aggregated measure of self- and social-awareness, evolved social beliefs and attitudes, and a capacity and appetite to manage complex social change. Psychologist Nicholas Humphrey believes that it is social intelligence, rather than quantitative intelligence, that defines who we are as humans.

The original definition by Edward Thorndike in 1920 social quotient is "the ability to understand and manage men and women and boys and girls, to act wisely in human relations". to as "tact", "common sense", or "street smarts.

Signs of High Emotional Intelligent person:
They handle criticism without denial, blame, excuses or anxiety.
One of the hallmarks of high emotional intelligence is self-awareness.
They're open-minded.
They're good listeners.
They don't sugarcoat the truth.
They apologize when they're wrong.
They embrace change.
They have a strong sense of self-awareness.
They show empathy toward others.
They have balanced lives.
They're curious and eager to learn.
They're grateful for what they have.

People that have higher EQ and SQ tend to go further in life than those with a high IQ but low EQ and SQ. Most schools capitalize on improving IQ levels only while EQ and SQ are played down.

A man of high IQ can end up being employed by a man of high EQ and SQ even though he has an average IQ.

Your EQ represents your Character, while your SQ represents your Charisma. Give in to habits that will improve these three Qs, especially your EQ and SQ.

Now there is a 4th one, a new paradigm:
(4) The Adversity Quotient (AQ): AQ is the measure of your ability to go through a rough patch in life, and come out of it without losing your mind.An adversity quotient is a score that measures the ability of a person to deal with adversities in their life.When faced with troubles, AQ determines who will give up, who will abandon their family, and who will consider suicide. The adversity quotient is a person's ability to face situations, problems, and obstacles in life. According to Stoltz, a person with an adversity quotient will be able to effectively face obstacles and take advantage of opportunities.
As per W. Hidayat, the AQ also has an effect on the student's mathematics, understandability. Hence, it is commonly known as the science of resilience.Having a strong AQ is important for well-being and prevent the onset of mental health problems as well. There are also claims that enhancing AQ can result in gains in productivity, capacity, performance, innovation and morale.
Low AQs, Stoltz observes, have negative, usually irrational, dialogs going on in their heads that don't permit them to break out of the mental boxes they've unknowingly created for themselves. This negative thinking pattern prevents them from taking steps to make things better.

Steps for developing adversity quotient:
( i)Be curious -- Write a list of all the things you’re curious about when it comes to ‘the future’. Specifically, your and your organisation’s future. Highlight the one thing that jumps out for you that you want to learn more about. Then create a learning plan.
(ii) Be self-accountable – Take accountability for your actions and how you spend your time.
(iii) Be focused – Stop the emails, halt the notifications, switch off the phone, and get off the social media platforms. Breathe. Now focus for the time period you’ve set.
(iv) Be courageous – It’s hard to be comfortable with being uncomfortable. Locaso suggests everyday acts of ‘micro-bravery’. Do a daily, small task that moves you out of your comfort zone.
(v) Be connected – Never underestimate the power of human connection. Talking to other humans means opportunities to grow, learn, problem-solve and feel supported.
(vi) Be reflective.

Parents please expose your children to other areas of life than just Academics. They should adore manual labour, never use work as a form of punishment, Sports and Arts.

Develop their IQ, as well as their EQ, SQ and AQ. They should become multifaceted human beings able to do things independently of their parents.

Finally, do not prepare the road for your children. Prepare your children for the road.

Author : Dr. Bhairavsinh Raol

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